Useful resources for research students (developed by Christine Bruce)

Phenomenography Annotated Bibliography. Compilation on QUT e-prints

Phenomenography Annotated Bibliography. Third edition. (1995) by Christine Bruce & Rod Gerber
The annotations in this publication are intended to offer prospective qualitative researchers and/or post-graduate research students a helping hand to enter the sometimes challenging research conversation that is centred around phenomenography.

Phenomenography Annotated Bibliography: 1997 Supplement by Helmut Klaus & Christine Bruce
This supplement continues the Third Edition bibliography in recording papers and publications that have been published since 1995; it supplements the bibliography by including references to pre-1995 publications that were not reported yet.

Short Bibliography

Qualitative research : phenomenography: theory and applications. Videos available at QUT Library.
This series of five videos provide an introduction to the theory and the mechanics required to conduct qualitative consumer research through the stages of fieldwork, analysis and report writing.

Frequently asked questions (to appear)

Other resources

The Land of Phenomenography maintained by Biorn Hasselgren of Gothenburg University
A comprehensive introduction to phenomenography.

The Association for Qualitative Research
A website maintained by an international organisation which aims to further the practice and study of qualitative research.

Sense Making
Sense-Making is an approach to thinking about and implementing communication research and practice and the design of communication-based systems and activities.

Phenomenography health check
Devised to guide a phenomenographic study.

Relevant publications
Ballantyne, Roy & Bruce, Christine (Eds.) (1994) Proceedings of Phenomenography : philosophy and practice 7-9 November 1994. Centre for Applied Environmental and Social Education Research, Faculty of Education, Queensland University of Technology, Kelvin Grove, Qld..

Linking into the community of phenomenographic researchers

EARLI Special Interest Group ‘Phenomenography and Variation Theory’ European Association for Research on Learning and Instruction

Phenomenography listserv
Subscribe to “phenomenography” using the address .

Some phenomenography projects

Wakimoto, Diana K. & Bruce, Christine S. (2014) Academic librarians’ varying experiences of archives : a phenomenographic study.The Journal of Academic Librarianship. (In Press)

Gibbings, Peter, Bruce, Christine S., & Lidstone, John (2009) Problem-based learning (PBL) in Virtual Space : Developing experiences for professional development. VDM Verlag, Saarbrucken.

Phenomenography in the Centre for Information Technology Innovation (2002) Christine Bruce
Presents an overview of phenomenographic studies conducted in the Centre for Information Technology Innovation of the Faculty of Information Technology in the Queensland University of Technology.